Prevention And Treatment For Corneal Ulcer

Seeking treatment for corneal ulcer immediately is important because  permanent blindness may happen once a scar is formed.

Therefore, you should see your eye doctor ASAP once you notice its symptoms to prevent the condition from getting worse.

During the meeting with your eye doctor, he or she will evaluate with you and try to find out the origin and cause of the ulcer.

Treat Early!

They will determine the type of treatment for corneal ulcer that can be effective as the causes of corneal ulcer varies widely.

Ineffective treatments may worsen the condition instead.




Types Of Treatment For Corneal Ulcer

If the cause is bacteria, antibiotics are often the first course of treatment.

Depending on the severity of the condition, you may have to apply the medication as often as every 15 minutes during the first few hours.

For suspected cases of viral or fungal, anti-fungal or anti-viral agents will be administered.

Controversial steroid eye drops may also be given to reduce inflammation but it should only be used under close supervision of your eye doctor. (Check out keratitis for more details.)

In cases where the cause is dryness or corneal exposure, tear substitutes will be used, possibly accompanied by patching or a bandage contact lens.

If your corneal ulcer is a result of injury through physical or chemical means, the doctor will first remove the inciting agent and then apply medications which aimed at preventing infection and at reducing scarring of the cornea.

Most eye doctors see patients with corneal ulcers every one to three days to gauge the effectiveness of the treatment. 

As this eye disease could be caused by several different type of organisms, so continual monitoring of the situation is critical. Therefore hospitalization may be needed if the condition is severe.

If the ulcer can't be treated by other means or had already left a permanent scar, a corneal transplant may be needed to regain vision.

During the surgery, the affected part of cornea will be removed and replaced with donor cornea.


Prevention Of Corneal Ulcer

As corneal ulcer is devastating, preventing corneal ulceration is very important. Below are some steps which you can take to risk your risk of getting this eye disease:

  • Wear eye protection when exposed to small particles that can enter your eye (such as using grinding wheel).
  • Wear eye protection during physical games to prevent eye injuries.
  • If you have dry eyes or if your eyelids aren’t functioning properly, use artificial teardrops to keep your eyes lubricated.
  • Don’t ignore any signs of itching, sharp pain, burning, irritation or redness in or around the eyes. They could be signalling potentially dangerous infection. Remove the lenses and see your eye doctor immediately.




How To Handle Contact Lens Safely

Matrix of contact lenses

If you really have to wear contact lenses, be extremely careful about the way you clean and wear your lenses.

Poor handling is the number one cause of getting this eye disease.

  • Never sleep with your contact lens on. If you are drunk, bumper...
  • Avoid wearing contact lens for too long. Remove your lenses every evening and carefully disinfect them.
  • Never ever wear someone else’s lenses.
  • Always wash your hands before handling the lenses, and carefully dry your hands with a clean cloth..
  • Don’t use your saliva to lubricate the lenses. Our mouth contains bacteria which can be harmful to our cornea.
  • Never use tap water to clean the lenses. They contain bacteria too.
  • Store the lenses in disinfecting solutions overnight.
  • Remove your lenses whenever your eyes are irritated and leave them out until your eyes feel better.
  • Regularly clean your contact lens case.
  • Follow cleaning instructions diligently and only use those that are recommended by an eye doctor you can trust.
  • Only apply cosmetics after putting on the contact lenses, and remove your lenses before removing makeup.


Related Readings:

› Treatment For Corneal Ulcer